Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) Infection – Prevention and Control

Written by Dr. Veena Madhankumar and medically reviewed by iCliniq medical review team


Although not much is known about the new coronavirus, it appears to spread from an infected person to others who are in close contact. But, it is still not clear how contagious this new strain of the coronavirus is. It is said to spread by respiratory droplets that get released when someone who is infected coughs or sneezes.




At present, no specific vaccine has been found to be able to prevent the spread of coronavirus infection. All we can do is take the necessary steps required to reduce the risks. Here are a few recommended standard precautions that can keep you safe from the spread of respiratory viruses:

  • Make sure your hands are clean. You can use hand sanitizers (alcohol-based) or regular soap and water.
  • Make sure to cover your mouth when you sneeze or cough using a tissue or at least your elbow.


  • Avoid touching your mouth, nose, and eyes unnecessarily when your hands are not clean.
  • Avoid contact with people who are visibly sick.


  • Avoid sharing utensils, cutleries, and other household items with people who are sick.
  • Make sure the surfaces you come in regular contact with are clean and disinfected.
  • If you are already sick, make sure you stay away for public places like school or workplace.


Travel Plans:

Always check advisories before planning to travel internationally. Contact your doctor immediately if you have symptoms that are pointing towards respiratory tract infection, such as cold, cough, sore throat, breathing problems, etc.



Other Recommendations From WHO

  • It is better to completely avoid the consumption of all kinds of uncooked meat or other animal products.
  • If you live in a place where there are reported cases of coronavirus, make sure you do not come in contact with live animals or surface they might have come in contact with while visiting live markets.

Don’t Let Suspicions Go Unnoticed

Talk to your doctor immediately if you feel you have symptoms of COVID-19 or have doubts that you had been exposed to the virus. Make sure you brief your doctor about your condition in detail, along with your travel history. Inform your doctor in advance that you are making this appointment following your suspicion regarding coronavirus.


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